taxila mauryan empire

It is perhaps best known for its association with Chanakya, also known as Kautilya, the strategist who guided Chandragupta Maurya and assisted in the founding of the Mauryan empire. Taxila after this saw the most creative period under the rule of Gandhara. Alexander The Great’s General, Seleucus Nikator was defeated by … Taxila 700 B.C; Swat 400 B.C; People of Ancient Pakistan. Upto where did Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extend. According to tThe Ashokan edicts, the four provincial capitals were Taxila, Ujjain, Tosali and Suvarnagiri. This occurred in 323 BCE. The Huna People, also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the empire. The Mauryan Empire ceased to exist after c.185 bce when the last Maurya ruler, Brihadratha, was killed by his commander‐in‐chief (senapati), Pushyamitra Sunga, who founded another dynasty.The Mauryan Empire thus collapsed in fewer than fifty years after the death of Asoka. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1,000 BCE. Greek historians have recorded his name as “Sandrakottus” or “Sandrakoptus”, which are evidently modified forms of Chandragupta. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. When did the Gupta empire end? A period of peace and stability then ensued following this, but this peace was shattered when news reached the Mauryan capital of Pataliputra in 305 B.C. Chandragupta’s another name is Sandrocottus, given by Greek Scholars. Answer: Taxila and Ujjain were the provincial capitals. Taxila, ancient city of northwestern Pakistan, the ruins of which are about 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Rawalpindi. in the north west? Asoka inscription mentions all the main feature of the administration of Mauryan Empire. It represented an important transition in Indian art from the use of wood to stone Ujjain Ujjain (or Ujjayini) was the western provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire. Mauryan Empire. History MCQ Mauryan Empire Objective Question. Comprising the majority of South Asia, the Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra (modern Patna ). Chanakya is credited with advising Chandragupta during the conquest of the Nanda and the defeat of the Greeks, and on the formation of a strong efficient government, which allowed the Mauryan Empire to rule almost the entire subcontinent (except the area south of present-day Karnataka), as well as substantial parts of present-day Afghanistan. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. Explanation: PLS MARK AS BRAINLIEST. During Ashoka reign, Taxila became one of the great seats of Buddhist learnings. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1000 BCE. Chandragupta worked his way south throughout the upper … Post Alexander’s invasion of North-Western India, that region faced […] Contemporary accounts by Greek historians show that Chandragupta was a youth living in Taxila when Alexander invaded India. The northern province, called Uttarapatha, had Taxila as its capital; the western province, known as Avantipatha, had its capital in Ujjain; Prachyapatha with its capital Toshali (Kalinga) formed the eastern province while Dakshinapatha with its capital Suvarnagiri was the southernmost province. During his training in Taxila Chandragupta had grown to earn a liking for the Achaemenid style of governance and ruling, so he instituted a similar system in his Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta Maurya's advisor Kautilya (also known as Chanakya) was a teacher at Takṣaśilā. A. Pushyamitra Sunga B. Vasudeva C. Bhadrabahu D. Kanishka. Chanakya's Arthashastra (The knowledge of Economics) is said to have been composed in Taxila. Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of gkarea.com, started blogging since 2015 and still learning. The Mauryan Empire Sources of Mauryan History Literary sources: Buddhist literature (The Jataka, The Divyavadana and Ashokvadana), the Puranas, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, and Indica of Megasthenese. He served as king’s representative and governed the provinces. Mauryan art is the art, mostly sculpture, produced during the period of the Mauryan Empire, which was the first empire to rule, at least in theory, over most of the Indian subcontinent, between 322 and 185 BCE. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1000 BCE. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces. Question 12. Who was Megasthenes? In the next 200 years, Taxila became a center of great learning. The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 185 BCE. University of ancient Taxila In 321, he seized the throne of Magadha. However, this was only an interlude in the history of Taxila’s subjection to conquerors from the west. i) There are five major political centers they were Patilaputra,Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila. Panini 520-460 B.C ; Pingala 5th century B.C; 300 – 200 B.C -Mauryan Empire. When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the nomadic Hunas in the 5th century. Universities of Taxila, Ujjain, and Varanasi were the famous centres of learning. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire… The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. 2. Ancient Taxila was an important city of Ancient India, situated at the pivotal junction of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. In Taxila, a young man named Chandragupta Maurya had seen the Macedonian army, and - believing that anything a European could do an Indian could do better - decided to train an army on a similar footing. Inspired by Alexander, Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them. On the other hand, his invasion changed the course of Indian history. From Ashokan edicts, the name of the four provincial capitals were Tosali (in the east), Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiri (in the south), and Taxila (in the north). With the help of Chanakya he overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty. It was said, Chanakya, the chief advisor of Chandragupta Maurya, used to teach here in Taxila. Name the provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire? Within a decade after Alexander’s death, Taxila was absorbed into the Mauryan empire founded by Chandragupta, under whom it became a provincial capital. The Mauryan Empire was one of the largest empires in history, and lasted from 326 BC - 186 BC. Taxila Taxila was the eastern provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire. Some time back I had mentioned about Taxila in one of my blogs briefly. According to the Rajavalikatha a Jain work, the original name of this emperor was Simhasena. Kumara or the royal prince was the chief of the provincial administration. Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the empire, and conquered much of the Indus Basin from, Selucis (the Greek General of Alexander) during the Mauryan - Selucid War. At it's peak, it ruled over more than a third of the world's poulation. Taxila had great influence on Hindu culture and the Sanskrit language. Before the Mauryan Empire, the Indian subcontinent was fragmented into hundreds of kingdoms that were ruled by powerful regional chiefs who engaged in warfare using their small armies. Taxila. Home \ [MCQ] Mauryan Empire> GK Question Answer Set 1. Answer: Pushyamitra Sunga. What do you understand about ‘Tribute’? 321–317 BC - Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Mauryan empire, makes himself master of northern and north-western India, including Panjab. During his reign, the empire expanded southwards. Under Chandragupta, Taxila became a provincial capital. After conquering over a neighboring people group, Chandragupta became a national power. DECLINE OF THE MAURYAS. The Mauryan empire was born. Please Subscribe For More Update: GKArea. According to a legend mentioned in the Jain texts, Chandragupta's Guru and advisor Chanakya used to feed the emperor with small doses of poison to … These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. Under the king Asoka of Mauriya Empire, the city touched its peak in terms of development. It is a small town located in Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road. Next >> MCQ SET 2 – Mauryan Empire << Previous MCQ Set on Mauryan Empire. Rise of the Mauryas The last of the Nanda rulers, Dhana Nanda was not popular due to his highly tax regime. After three generations of Mauryan rule, the city was annexed by the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria. Lomasha Risi and Sudama caves of Gaya are other great examples of wooden architectural heritage. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. The imperial capital of the Mauryan Empire was at Pataliputra and the empire was categorized into four territories. Although not of much significance in the present day, Taxila was one of the most important places in the ancient time during the Mauryan empire from 324 BC to 187 BC . 1. Who among the following assassinated the last Mauryan King Brihadrath? The founder of Mauryan Empire was Chandragupta Maurya. Mauryan Empire Multiple Choice Questions. The Mauryan empire began to disintegrate soon after the death of Ashoka around 232 BCE. In the field of literature, Bhadrabahu’s Kalpasutra is attributed to the Mauryan period. The Mauryan Empire was founded by an Indian man named Chandragupta Maurya, who conquered the northernmost parts of India after the death of Alexander the Great, who had ruled over that part of the world at the time. Bindusara was the son of the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya and his queen Durdhara. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. Its prosperity in ancient times resulted from its position at the junction of three great trade routes: one from eastern India, described by the Greek writer Megasthenes as the The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces, with the imperial capital at Pataliputra, near the Ganges River in the modern state of Bihar in India. New questions in History. Question 11. TAXILA. 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