The majority of Minnesota’s lakes are located in the areas of glacial moraine, where glaciers deposited hills of sand and gravel. Minnesota’s thousands of rivers flow northward via the Red and Rainy rivers to Hudson Bay, eastward through the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, and southward through the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. Minnesota was the 32 nd state in the USA; it became a state on May 11, 1858.. State Abbreviation - MN State Capital - St. Paul Largest City - Minneapolis Area - 86,943 square miles [Minnesota is the 12th biggest state in the USA] Population - 5,420,380 (as of 2013) [Minnesota is the 21st most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - Minnesotans Major Industries - farming (corn, … 1950 - The Korean War begins. In 1854, Saint Paul incorporated as a city and in 1858, Minnesota was admitted to the union with Saint Paul becoming the capital of the 32nd state. Respected by the Indians for never making promises he could not keep, Minnesota 1,053 Minnesotans gave their lives over the course of the war. Seventy-nine people die. The first open heart surgery and the first bone marrow transplant in the United States were done at the University of Minnesota. Many parts of Minnesota have continuous snow cover for at least 90 days, from about mid-December to mid-March. 1825 - The post continued to be called Fort St. Anthony until 1824, when, upon the recommendation of General Scott, who inspected the fort, Eastern Minnesota officially designated part of the American Northwest Territories of the United States of America. America's history is not static. Italian count Giacomo Beltrami. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A small extension of the northern boundary makes it the most northerly of the 48 conterminous The southern part of the former lake bed lies along the Minnesota–North Dakota border and is known as the Red River valley. veracity. From the start, our mission was to collect and preserve Minnesota’s stories in all their forms. The average frost-free periods vary from fewer than 90 days in parts of the north to more than 160 days in parts of the south. as well as the port cities of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. 1818 - Northern boundary of Minnesota fixed at the forty-ninth parallel. 1948 - Minnesota's first television station, KSTP, goes on the air. Conventional to combat racism. 1659-1660- French fur traders Groseilliers and Radisson explore western end of Lake Superior and environs. Law provides for free public schools to be open to all people between four and twenty-one years of age. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Minnesota, Jewish Virtual Library - Minnesota, United States, CRW Flags - Flag of Minnesota, United States, Minnesota - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Minnesota - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Extreme southeastern Minnesota was the only part of the state to escape glaciation during the last ice age. miles per hour with gusts over sixty miles per hour. Who founded Minnesota? in part upon his residence in Minnesota. mounds and unearthed objects like spear points are evidence that people lived here ages ago. 1977 - Rosalie Wahl becomes the first woman justice in the Minnesota Supreme Court. 1861 - Civil War of the United States begins. In the northern regions of the state, frost is possible in any month. Roe v. Wade, which legalizes abortion. 1873 -A three-day blizzard hits Minnesota in January, killing seventy Minnesotans. Disease proves to be the biggest killer, with combat fatalities accounting for only four Minnesota soldier deaths. 1838-1848 - St. Paul, St. Anthony, and Stillwater (Minnesota's first towns) founded. largest political party in Minnesota and capitalizes on the rural depression which plagues Minnesota until 1824 to gain a broad base of support. 1849 - The U.S. creates the Minnesota Territory. The state’s rich prairie soils developed on the finely ground mineral materials left by the retreating glaciers. Virginian Lawrence Taliaferro becomes the Indian agent at Fort Snelling. It is bounded by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario to the north, by Lake Superior and the state of Wisconsin to the east, and by the states of Iowa to the south and South Dakota and North Dakota to the west. Tom Shevlin, son of a lumber magnate, gets arrested for violating the ten MINNEAPOLIS (WCCO) — Robbinsdale Police are investigating after a man was found dead and slumped over inside of a vehicle. Minnesota, the first state to volunteer, raises four regiments, one of which serves in the Philippines. May 11 Minnesota becomes the thirty-second state admitted to the Union of the United States of America. Later in the summer Moorhead, Minnesota ties 1984 - Last iron ore shipment leaves the Mesabi iron range, effectively ending Minnesota's direct iron ore industry and confirming a difficult History Minnesota United is an accessible, resilient and unifying force bringing the fastest growing sport in the country to fans in Minnesota and across the Twin Cities with innovative style. The present building, a neoclassical structure, was opened in 1915, with additions in 1974 by Kenzo Tange and in 2006 by Michael Graves. 1900 - Virginia, Minnesota destroyed by fire again. U.K. COVID-19 variant strain found in Minnesota The Minnesota Department of Public Health says five cases of the COVID-19 variant first detected in the United Kingdom is confirmed in Minnesota on Saturday. Long before the place we call Minnesota had a motto, a capitol building, or a voting member of Congress, the Minnesota Historical Society (MNHS) was helping people understand the region’s past. Amidst the sectional and racial animosity sweeping the nation, the court ruled Scott remained a slave. Colonel Joshua Snelling of the Fifth United States Infantry arrived, and, on taking command, changed the site to where Fort Snelling now stands. 1920 - Minnesota authors receive international recognition. U.S. states. Later it would serve to name the state capitol which sprang up around it. 1931 - Ancient remains of 20,000 year old skeleton dubbed "Minnesota Man" found in Otter Tail County, Minnesota. 1812-1814 - War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain with their Dakota, Winnebago, and Ojibwe allies. Cloquet and Moose Lake, Minnesota are destroyed when seventy mile an hour winds change minor forest fires into major conflagrations. day eastern Minnesota) without a territorial government or legal system. 1905 - John A. Johnson, Minnesota's first native-born governor, elected to the first of his three terms. of four more novels won international acclaim. 1954 - Coya Knutson becomes the first Minnesota woman elected to the Congress of the United States. Southern Minnesota is hot in the summer. The largest glacial lake plain (more than 100,000 square miles [260,000 square km]) was formed by Lake Agassiz, which held the meltwaters as the latest glaciers retreated northward some 8,000 years ago. A record-breaking snowstorm hits Minnesota on November 1 depositing twenty-four inches of snow in twenty-four hours. Minnesota is one of the north-central states. Boundary negotiations with British Canada continue until 1931. 1921 - WLB, the first Minnesota radio station, formed at the University of Minnesota. Times were had and Indian families hungry. Needed supplies are missing from the cargo, though the boat does carry the umbrella-wielding These and other measures have led two groups to rank Minnesota as the healthiest state in the nation; however, in one of these rankings, Minnesota descended from first to sixth in the nation between 2005 and 2009 because of low levels of public health funding and … The Minnesota Orchestra dates back to 1903 when it was founded as the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra. Indeed, Minnesota received its name from the Dakota (Sioux) word for the Mississippi’s major tributary in the state, the Minnesota River, which means “Sky-Tinted Water.”. The Vikings were actually established in 1961. Minnesota's state flower is the pink-and-white lady's slipper. 1659-1660 - French fur traders Groseilliers and Radisson explore western end of Lake Superior and environs. By Holly Bernstein | January 9, 2021 at 7:49 PM CST - Updated January 9 at 10:33 PM . It was renamed the Minnesota Orchestra in 1968 and moved into its own building, Orchestra Hall , in downtown Minneapolis in 1974. and quickly spreads to the rest of the state. 1857 - The Dred Scott Decision is rendered by the United States Supreme Court, where a Missouri slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom based first Better Business Bureau was founded in Minneapolis in 1912. Taliaferro instated as first United States Indian agent at Fort Snelling. 1878 - 68.98% of tilled land in Minnesota devoted to wheat production, the high point for wheat farmers in Minnesota. Lumber production peaks in Minnesota. would later run for president in 1984, losing to Ronald Reagan. Average daily maximum temperatures in July range from the mid-80s F (about 29 °C) in southern Minnesota to the low 70s F (about 21 °C) along the shore of Lake Superior. 1951 - Over 82% of iron ore extracted from United States mines during this year originates in Minnesota. Minnesota’s elevations range from 602 feet (184 metres) above sea level at Lake Superior to 2,301 feet (701 metres) above sea level at Eagle Mountain, located about 12 miles (19 km) from the lake’s north shore. 1976 - Jimmy Carter becomes the 39th president of the United States with Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale as his vice-president. The settlement was known as Pig’s Eye Landing until 1841, when Roman Catholic missionary Lucien Galtier built a log chapel dedicated to the apostle Paul. Minnesota: Minnesota was the 32nd state to enter the Union and is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes" for its many lakes and was settled in … January 9, 2021. 1853-1857- Population explosion occurs in Minnesota from 40,000 people in 1853 to approximately 150,000 people in 1857. At last, in poor health and tired of the government's broken promises, he 1964 -Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey elected vice-president of the United States as the running-mate of president Lyndon Johnson. St. 1850 - Treaties concluded at Traverse des Sioux and Mendota with the Dakota Indians whereby the Dakota ceded their lands east of the Red Soils that formed under the original coniferous forest in northeastern Minnesota are light-coloured, acidic, and low in organic matter. Its southward drainage created the wide valley of the Minnesota River, the flow of which eventually reversed as ice blockage to the north melted. By 1930 only 1/3 of the state would remain forested, with very little of that virgin Indians lived in Minnesota when the first Europeans arrived. Part of I-35W bridge in Minneapolis collapsed into Mississippi River, killed seven; snow storms caused deaths of eight, over 300 auto accidents; statewide smoking ban for bars and restaurants enacted. Minneapolis becomes the home of the Federal Reserve Bank. To ship the iron ore to refineries, railroads such as the Duluth were built from the iron ranges to … Four of the cases were identified through the MDH Public Health Laboratory, and … Ancient burial 1927 - Charles Lindbergh, a native of Little Falls, Minnesota, flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris. 1886 - Sauk Rapids is flattened by a tornado. 1908 - Chisholm, Minnesota is virtually obliterated by a late summer forest fire. Average seasonal snowfall varies from less than 40 inches (1,000 mm) in the western part of the state to more than 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the northeastern tip. 1825 - Fort Snelling is established at the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The nation?? By 1982 - A total of 34.3 inches of snow falls on the Twin Cities on January 20 and 22. 1918 - World War I ends with 1,432 Minnesotans in uniform giving their lives for their country. 1933 - "Browns Valley Man" remains, estimated to be 8,000 - 10,000 years old, discovered in Brown County, Minnesota. he takes a critical look at his hometown of Sauk Centre, Minnesota. $1,665,000 US, $1,360,000 of which was set into a trust fund, of which the interest would be distributed to chiefs partly in cash, partly in supplies, Settlers had begun occupying U.S. military-reservation land on the west side of the river in 1849; in 1855 the government gave these illegal squatters patent rights, and the village of Minneapolis was incorporated in 1856. Taconite mining emerges as the future employment source 1851 - Charter granted to the University of Minnesota, the first collegiate institution in the territory. 1830 - Seth Eastman comes to Fort Snelling as a captain. 1837 - Land-cession treaties negotiated with the Dakota Indians and the Chippewa Indians for United States rights to a portion of land between for the first time in St. Paul. St. Paul holds its first winter carnival. Twins win the World Series. disputes with British Canada keep British fur companies in Minnesota until 1818. On December 26 thirty-eight Indians were 1763 - Spain receives Louisiana Territory (includes Minnesota west of the Mississippi River) from France in compensation for its loss of The shoreline of Lake Superior, one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world, forms the state’s northeastern border for some 160 miles (260 km). involvement in Vietnam and the Vietnam War. Game or PaleoIndians: before 5,000 BC. of the following two years. 5,639,632. in favor of Franken; Northwest Airlines merged with Delta Airlines. Influenza game into this area. It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual Great Britain wins claim to what is now eastern North America (east of the Mississippi River) and Canada. a state record high official temperature of 114 degrees Fahrenheit, previously set in Beardsley, Minnesota in 1927. in St. Paul on March 11 and escapes. Minnesota Department of Commerce 85 7th Place East, Suite 280 Saint Paul, MN 55101 (Local) 651-539-1500 (Complaints) 651-539-1600 1941 - First tax on taconite, a black magnetic iron-bearing ore, in effect in Minnesota. 1939 - A hockey game in the Duluth Amphitheater is interrupted when the ceiling collapses under the weight of snow. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In northeastern Minnesota there are stream valleys and deep, clear lakes that were scoured by glaciers from the granite bedrock. Area 86,935 square miles (225,161 square km). 1800 - France acquires Louisiana Territory from Spain. 1975 - The last American military personnel leave Vietnam with the evacuation of the United States embassy in Saigon, completely ending American Farmer Olof Ohman finds a stone Some of those early Minnesota people carved pictures of humans, animals and weapons into rocks. By the time of the armistice in 1953, 688 Minnesotans had died in the fighting. The nearly 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of inland fresh water are a dominant feature in Minnesota. St. Paul native F. Scott Fitzgerald receives much acclaim for his book This Side of Paradise. By 1936 the kidnappers had been caught and convicted. 1990 Minnesota ranks fourth in the nation in per capita gambling sales. Abigail Snelling starts a Sunday School at Ft. Snelling for the children. 1362. Zimmerman (Bob Dylan) born in Duluth. 1679- Frenchman Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth meets with Dakota Indians near Mille Lacs. "Public Enemy Number 1" John Dillinger has a gun battle with FBI agents They probably followed herds of large Opinions differ, but most academic sources today doubt its Grand Portage (Minnesota) evolves into the western fur-trading headquarters of the British Empire in North America. 1970 - Minnesotan Harry Blackmun named to the Supreme Court of the United States. British troops stationed here act as only military force in Minnesota during the American Revolution. The runes indicate a party of Viking explorers passed through that area in 1996 - Coldest official temperature ever recorded in Minnesota set at -60 degrees Fahrenheit on February 2 near Tower, MN. Population (2010) 5,303,925; (2019 est.) Forty-nine Minnesota residents die and over $1,500,000 US worth of property is damaged as a result Co-author of. 1836 - Creation of Wisconsin Territory which encompassed Minnesota. destroyed by fire. A mother in northern Minnesota has been arrested after allegedly abandoning her six-year-old daughter on the side of a highway, according to the Cook County Sheriff's Office. Building a new home in the heart of two industrious cities, the North is rising—not replicating, but New variant of COVID-19 found in Minnesota. About one in four Minnesotans is at least partly of Scandinavian origin, but those of German descent constitute the single largest ethnic group in the state. THE DAKOTA CONFLICT By 1862, the Dakota were crowded into a small reservation along the Minnesota River. 1894 - A massive forest fire caused by clear-cut logging debris encompasses Hinckley, Minnesota and several other nearby communities. Many Dakota, Ojibwe and other American Indians live in Minnesota today. Minnesota's first railroad is completed, connecting Minneapolis and Saint Paul. Between the time of European exploration and statehood, the Ojibwa occupied the forested areas of the state and pushed the Dakota … It's fluid. By 1925 he had published five more works, all focusing on the extravagance and despair of the 1920s in the United States. 1988 - The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, passed to promote tribal economies, causes a boom in Indian casinos and gambling in Minnesota. It became the 32nd state of the union on May 11, 1858. Over the next two decades mines spring up 1887 - St. Paul hosts the first ski tourney in the Midwest. His ransom of $200,000 US is one of the largest ransoms in the United Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” The Panic of 1857 sends prices skyrocketing. interacts with it. The vast majority ended up being used to pay off Indian debts to white traders. Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shoreline, more than California, Florida and Hawaii combined. The Minnesota state song, "Hail! State seal adopted by the Minnesota Legislature. In return the Dakota received Lawrence In his spare time, he learns the Dakota language and observes details of their lives. They have long life expectancies, and high rates of health insurance and regular exercise. 1858-1859 - Henry Sibley instated as first governor of Minnesota. from Great Britain in the American Revolution. There, streams cut their way through layers of limestone, leaving extensive caverns beneath the surface and steep, rocky bluffs rising high above the valleys. River, Lake Traverse, and the Big Dakota River and south of a boundary line between the Dakota and Chippewa in 1825. Those that formed under the original hardwood forest, which occupied a belt between the prairie and the coniferous forest, are intermediate in colour and natural fertility. the first book about Minnesota, Description de la Louisiane. 2003 - 18-year old accused of releasing vaiant of MSBlast worm, caused crashing of hundreds of thousands of computers worldwide, 2004 - Minnesota produced 75% of country's usable iron ore, 2012 - Congresswoman Bachmann ended presidential campaign after sixth place finish in Iowa caucuses. the Mississippi and St. Croix rivers. Minnesota First Early Inhabitants Timeline. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. (This peculiar protrusion is the result of a boundary agreement with Great Britain before the area had been carefully surveyed.) First American fur traders enter Minnesota. 1906 - William Williams is hanged in the county jail in St. Paul on February 13, ending capital punishment in Minnesota. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1963 - Last iron ore shipment leaves the Vermillion iron range. 1898 - The Spanish-American War begins. depression on the iron range. By the end of the 20th century, services had become the dominant activity of Minnesota’s economy, surpassing farming, mining, and manufacturing, which had been the major sources of income for the state since settlement. 1854 - St. Paul becomes a city with a total area of four square miles. Minnesota became the 32nd state of the union on May 11, 1858. 24,000 men for service in the Union Army for fighting in the Civil War or the Indian Outbreak. St. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) today announced the new variant strain of the SARS-CoV-2 virus first detected in the United Kingdom was identified by genomic sequencing in positive specimens from five residents of four different counties in the Twin Cities metro area. 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